Murmu's stone idol in Odisha Tribal Development Society (OTDS), Bhubaneswar office.
|Born||Baishakh Kunami, (Full Moon of May)Year1905|
Mayurbhanj State, British India (present-day Mayurbhanj, Odisha, India)
|Died||1 February 1982(aged 76)|
|Occupation||Ideologist, playwright, and writer|
|Subject||Ol Chiki alphabet|
Raghunath Murmu was born in Dandbose village 6.4 km from Rairangpur, Mayurbhanj State (now in Odisha) on 5 or 18 May 1905 (Baisat Kunami[clarification needed]). His father, Nandlal Murmu, was village head and his paternal uncle was Munsi in the court of King Pratap Chandra Bhanjdeo. In 1912, he started his education at the Odia-language Gambharia Primary School, 3 km from his village. During his studies he wondered why was the school not operating in the language in which he spoke, Santali. In 1914, he was admitted to Bahalda Primary School, 7 km from his village. In high school at Baripada, he wanted to go Kapi Buru for secret research. In 1925, he created the Ol Chiki script at Kapi Buru.
He passed 10th exam in 1928 from Patna University and married Nuha Baskey. Then he started job at Baripada Power House as an apprentice. After completing his apprenticeship, he went to Kolkata for Technical Education. After completing his education, he enrolled at Baripada College as a teacher and he also joined Badamtalia Primary School.
The first book printed in Ol Chiki was Bindu Chandan, Kherwarbir, Hital (Geet Granth), Sidu Kanhu Hool(Drama). 1st Weekly Magazine was “Sagen Sakam”. In 1942, Swadeshi Andolon Pandit Raghunath Murmu campaign about Ol Chiki script.
On 22 December 2003, Santal language secured a place in the 8th schedule of the Indian constitution.
Murmu passed away on 2 February 1982.
In honour of his creation of the Ol Chiki script, every year full moon day on the month of May which is popularly called as "Guru Kunami", "Guru Purnima" and "Basant Kunami" is being observed as an "optional holiday" as birthday of Pandit Raghunath Murmu Declared by the Odisha C.M. in 2016. Pandit Raghunath Murmu was honoured by Mayurbhanj State Adivasi Mahasabha with the title "Guru Gomke" (The Great Teacher).
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- "उड़िया समझ नहीं आई तो रघुनाथ मुर्मू ने जल-जंगल, जमीन से जुड़े वर्ण गढ़ बना दी लिपि". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 22 December 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- on YouTube
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- "Odisha Government Portal". Odisha Government Portal. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
- "Pandit Raghunath Murmu & OlChiki Script" (YouTube video). Nilay Kumar Murmu (AVEN TARAS). 8 May 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- on YouTube
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