List of anarchist communities

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The Trumbullplex, an anarchist intentional community in the Woodbridge neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan[1]

This is a list of anarchist communities representing any society or portion thereof founded by anarchists that functions according to anarchist philosophy and principles. Anarchists have created and been involved in a wide variety of community experiments since the 19th century. There are numerous instances in which a community organizes itself along philosophically anarchist lines to promote regional anarchist movements, counter-economics and countercultures. These have included intentional communities founded by anarchists as social experiments and community oriented projects, such as collective organizations and cooperative businesses. There are also several instances of mass society "anarchies" that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, including Makhnovia in Ukraine,[2] Revolutionary Catalonia in Spain[3] and the Shinmin autonomous region in Manchuria.[4]

Mass societies[edit]

The Free Territory was a region where an attempt was made to form a stateless, anarchist society and its approximated location (in red) was in part of the territory of modern Ukraine during the Ukrainian War of Independence[2]
Map of the territory administered by the Regional Defence Council of Aragon (in red) within Republican Spain (in pink), during the Spanish Revolution
The Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities are territories controlled by the Neo-zapatista support bases in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[5]
Rojava is an autonomous libertarian socialist federated semi-direct democracy in North and East Syria, claiming to be a model for a federalized Syria as a whole, rather than outright independence.

Active societies[edit]

Society Since Duration Ideology Ref.
Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement 1958 61 years, 356 days Buddhism, Gandhism [6]
Exarcheia 1973 (November 14) 46 years, 347 days Anarchism, Socialism [7][8]
Bandera de El Alto.svg Federation of Neighborhood Councils-El Alto 1979 (November 16) 40 years, 345 days Direct democracy, Indigenismo [9]
Bandera de Marinaleda (Sevilla).svg Marinaleda 1979 (April 3) 41 years, 206 days Libertarian communism [10]
Coat of arms of Oaxaca.svg Popular Indigenous Council of Oaxaca "Ricardo Flores Magón" 1980s 33 years, 331 days Indigenismo, Magonism [11]
Bandera CNT-FAI.svg Puerto Real 1987 32 years, 347 days Anarcho-syndicalism [12]
Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional, Flag.svg Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities 1994 (January 1) 26 years, 299 days Neozapatismo [13]
CircleN.svg Barcelona's Squatters Movement 2000 20 years, 228 days Anarchism, Autonomism [14]
Dignity Village 2000 (December) 19 years, 330 days Anarchism [15][16][17]
Flag-kabyle.svg Barbacha 2001 (April 20) 19 years, 189 days Berberism, Kabylism [18]
Abahlali baseMjondolo Logo.jpg Abahlali baseMjondolo 2005 (March 19) 15 years, 221 days Anarchism, Autonomism [9]
Zaachila nuttall.png Villa de Zaachila 2006 (June 14) 14 years, 134 days Indigenismo, Magonism [11]
Green and Black flag.svg Zone to Defend 2009 (August 3) 11 years, 84 days Green anarchism [19]
Cherán 2011 (April 15) 9 years, 194 days Direct democracy, Indigenismo [20]
Flag of Rojava.svg Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria 2012 (July 19) 8 years, 99 days Democratic confederalism [21][22]

Past societies[edit]

Society From Until Duration Ideology Ref.
Star of David.svg Essenes 150 BCE 66 CE 216 years, 0 days Judaism [23]
Yin yang.svg Yellow Turban Rebellion February 184 205 20 years, 335 days Way of the Taiping [24]
Red flag.svg Kharijite Rebellions 28 July 657 March 896 238 years, 217 days Kharijism [25]
Frisian flag.svg Frisian freedom 800 1523 722 years, 307 days Antifeudalism [9]
Flag of The Icelandic Commonwealth.png Icelandic Commonwealth 930 1262 332 years, 182 days Direct democracy [26]
Flag of England.svg Peasants' Revolt 30 May 1381 November 1381 168 days Antifeudalism [27]
Hussite banner (Taborites).png Taborites 25 March 1420 1452 32 years, 217 days Radical Hussitism [28]
Flag of Cospaia.svg Republic of Cospaia 29 June 1440 5 May 1826 385 years, 310 days Republicanism [29]
Classic Rainbow Flag.png German Peasants' Revolt 1524 September 1525 1 year, 14 days Radical Reformism [27]
Flagge der kreisfreien Stadt Münster (Westfalen).svg Münster rebellion February 1534 24 June 1535 1 year, 136 days Anabaptism [27]
Pirate Flag of Jack Rackham.svg Golden Age of Piracy October 1650 12 July 1726 75 years, 288 days Piracy [30]
Flag of South Carolina (1861).svg South Carolina Commune 4 February 1868 10 March 1874 6 years, 34 days Civil rights [31]
Vlag van de Commune van Parijs.svg Paris Commune 18 March 1871 28 May 1871 71 days Revolutionary socialism [32]
Bahnmarke bleibt an Backbord liegen.svg Cantonal rebellion 12 July 1873 12 January 1874 184 days Cantonalism, Mutualism [33]
Sloboda ili smrt logo.svg Strandzha Commune 18 August 1903 8 September 1903 21 days Anarcho-communism [34]
Flag of Partido Liberal Mexicano.svg Baja Rebellion 29 January 1911 22 June 1911 144 days Magonism [35]
Flag of Morelos.svg Morelos Commune 1913 1917 4 years, 87 days Zapatismo [36][37]
Petropavlovsk-Krondstadt flag.svg Soviet Republic of Naissaar 17 December 1917 26 February 1918 71 days Anarcho-syndicalism [38]
Red flag.svg Odessa Soviet Republic 17 January 1918 13 March 1918 55 days Revolutionary socialism [39]
Махновское знамя.svg Free Territory 27 November 1918 28 August 1921 2 years, 274 days Anarcho-communism, Platformism [2]
Socialist red flag.svg Bremen Soviet Republic 10 January 1919 4 February 1919 25 days Revolutionary socialism [40]
Socialist red flag.svg Bavarian Soviet Republic 12 April 1919 3 May 1919 21 days Revolutionary socialism [41][42]
Starry Plough flag (1914).svg Limerick Soviet 15 April 1919 27 April 1919 12 days Revolutionary socialism [43]
Fora stamp.png Patagonia Rebelde August 1920 February 1922 1 year, 184 days Anarcho-syndicalism [44][45]
Darker green and Black flag.svg Tambov Rebellion 19 August 1920 12 June 1921 297 days Agrarian socialism [46]
Petropavlovsk-Krondstadt flag.svg Kronstadt Rebellion 7 March 1921 17 March 1921 10 days Anarcho-syndicalism [47]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Guangzhou City Commune 2 April 1921 13 December 1927 6 years, 255 days Anarchism [48]
Flag of the People's Committee of Korea.svg Shinmin Prefecture August 1929 September 1931 2 years, 46 days Anarcho-communism [49]
Bandera CNT-FAI.svg Revolutionary Catalonia 21 July 1936 10 February 1939 2 years, 204 days Anarcho-syndicalism [3]
Coat of Arms of the Council of Asturias and León (1936-1937).svg Sovereign Council of Asturias and León 6 September 1936 21 October 1937 1 year, 45 days Libertarian socialism [50]
Bandera del Consejo Regional de Defensa de Aragón.png Regional Defence Council of Aragon 6 October 1936 11 August 1937 309 days Anarcho-communism [3]
Flag of the People's Committee of Korea.svg People's Republic of Korea 12 September 1945 8 February 1946 149 days Direct democracy [51]
Flag of North Vietnam (1945-1955).svg Saigon Commune 23 September 1945 13 January 1946 112 days Anti-imperialism [52]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Shanghai People's Commune 5 January 1967 24 February 1967 50 days Revolutionary socialism [53]
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg Argentinian Horizontalidad 13 December 2001 25 May 2003 1 year, 163 days Autonomism, Participatory economics [54]
Esc Municipal Oaxaca de Juarez.svg Oaxaca City 14 June 2006 27 November 2006 166 days Direct democracy, Magonism [11]
Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign Logo.jpg Symphony Way February 2008 19 October 2009 1 year, 242 days Anti-authoritarianism [9]
Democracia Real Ya logo.jpg 15M Movement 15 May 2011 11 April 2015 3 years, 331 days Anti-austerity, Direct democracy [55]
Occupy Gezi.png Gezi Park Commune 27 May 2013 20 August 2013 85 days Anti-authoritarianism [55]
Bandera CNT-FAI.svg Capitol Hill Autonomous Zone 8 June 2020 1 July 2020 23 days Occupy protest [56]

Indigenous societies[edit]

Society Provisioning system Homeland Ref.
Australian Aboriginal Flag.svg Aboriginal Australians Various Australia [57]
Berber flag.svg Amazigh Agricultural Maghreb [57]
Andaman and Nicobar Administration Banner.png Andamanese Hunter-gatherer Andaman Islands [58]
Anga Horticultural Jos Plateau [59]
Flag of the Gambella Region.svg Anuak Horticultural Anuak Zone, Gambela [57]
Bassa Subsistence agriculture Bassaland [59]
Berom Subsistence agriculture Jos Plateau [59]
Birifor Volta [59]
Bobo Subsistence agriculture Bobo-Dioulasso [59]
Flag of the Cherokee Nation.svg Cherokee Hunter-gatherer Cherokee Nation [60]
Croatan Subsistence agriculture Croatan Sound [61]
Dan Agricultural Man [59]
Dayak Agricultural Borneo [57]
Dogon Subsistence agriculture Dogon country [59]
Flag of Cross River State.png Ekoi Horticultural Ekoi land [59]
Gagu[page needed] Pastoral agriculture [59]
Flag of Maryland County.svg Grebo Grebo land [59]
Flag of the Hopi.png Hopi Agricultural Hopi Nation [62]
Nsibidi.png Ibibio Horticultural Akwa Ibom [59]
Idoma Hunter-gatherer Benue [59]
Ifugao Horticultural Ifugao [57]
Flag of Biafra.svg Igbo Horticultural Igboland [63][59]
Flag of Rivers State.png Ijaw Horticultural Niger Delta [59]
Flag of Nunavut.svg Inuit Hunter-gatherer Arctic [57]
Kissi Subsistence agriculture Guinea Highlands [59]
Konkomba Horticultural Northern Ghana [57][59]
Flag of Grand Kru County.svg Kru Fishing Grand Kru County [59]
Kusasi Kasaug Traditional Area [59]
Lugbara Subsistence agriculture West Nile [57]
Mamprusi East Mamprusi [59]
Flag of Nimba County.svg Mano Horticultural Nimba County [59]
Flag of the Mapuches.svg Mapuche Pastoral agriculture Araucanía [64]
Flag of Vihiga County.png Maragoli Vihiga County [59]
Mbuti Hunter-gatherer Ituri Rainforest [65]
Niitsitapi Hunter-gatherer Blackfeet Nation [66]
Governadorat d'Aswan.png Nubian Agricultural Nubia [67]
Flag of the Gambella Region.svg Nuer Pastoralism Nuer Zone, Gambela [59]
Flag of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation.PNG Pequot Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation [68]
Flag of Amazonas Indigenous State.svg Piaroa Subsistence agriculture Orinoco [69]
Puliklah Hunter-gatherer Yurok Indian Reservation [57]
Tallensi Horticultural Tallensi Traditional Area [59]
Plateau Tonga Subsistence agriculture Binga [57]
Quinnipiac Hunter-gatherer Quinnipiac River [70]
Sami flag.svg Sami Pastoralism Sápmi [57]
San Hunter-gatherer Central Kalahari [71]
Santals Agricultural Jharkhand [57]
Flag of Perak.svg Semai Subsistence agriculture Perak [72]
Flag of the Seminole Tribe of Florida.PNG Seminoles Hunter-gatherer Seminole Nation [73]
Zimbabwe Bird.svg Shona Subsistence agriculture Mashonaland [59]
Flag of Nasarawa State.png Tiv Horticultural Tivland [57][59]
Flag of Delta State.png Urhbo Subsistence agriculture Niger Delta [59]
Zomia [74]

Intentional communities[edit]

Active communities:

Past communities:

Community projects[edit]

Active Projects

Past Projects

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]