List of anarchist communities
|Part of the Politics series on|
This is a list of anarchist communities representing any society or portion thereof founded by anarchists that functions according to anarchist philosophy and principles. Anarchists have created and been involved in a wide variety of community experiments since the 19th century. There are numerous instances in which a community organizes itself along philosophically anarchist lines to promote regional anarchist movements, counter-economics and countercultures. These have included intentional communities founded by anarchists as social experiments and community oriented projects, such as collective organizations and cooperative businesses. There are also several instances of mass society "anarchies" that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, including Makhnovia in Ukraine, Revolutionary Catalonia in Spain and the Shinmin autonomous region in Manchuria.
|Essenes||150 BCE||66 CE||216 years, 0 days||Judaism|||
|Yellow Turban Rebellion||February 184||205||20 years, 335 days||Way of the Taiping|||
|Kharijite Rebellions||28 July 657||March 896||238 years, 217 days||Kharijism|||
|Frisian freedom||800||1523||722 years, 307 days||Antifeudalism|||
|Icelandic Commonwealth||930||1262||332 years, 182 days||Direct democracy|||
|Peasants' Revolt||30 May 1381||November 1381||168 days||Antifeudalism|||
|Taborites||25 March 1420||1452||32 years, 217 days||Radical Hussitism|||
|Republic of Cospaia||29 June 1440||5 May 1826||385 years, 310 days||Republicanism|||
|German Peasants' Revolt||1524||September 1525||1 year, 14 days||Radical Reformism|||
|Münster rebellion||February 1534||24 June 1535||1 year, 136 days||Anabaptism|||
|Golden Age of Piracy||October 1650||12 July 1726||75 years, 288 days||Piracy|||
|South Carolina Commune||4 February 1868||10 March 1874||6 years, 34 days||Civil rights|||
|Paris Commune||18 March 1871||28 May 1871||71 days||Revolutionary socialism|||
|Cantonal rebellion||12 July 1873||12 January 1874||184 days||Cantonalism, Mutualism|||
|Strandzha Commune||18 August 1903||8 September 1903||21 days||Anarcho-communism|||
|Baja Rebellion||29 January 1911||22 June 1911||144 days||Magonism|||
|Morelos Commune||1913||1917||4 years, 87 days||Zapatismo|||
|Soviet Republic of Naissaar||17 December 1917||26 February 1918||71 days||Anarcho-syndicalism|||
|Odessa Soviet Republic||17 January 1918||13 March 1918||55 days||Revolutionary socialism|||
|Free Territory||27 November 1918||28 August 1921||2 years, 274 days||Anarcho-communism, Platformism|||
|Bremen Soviet Republic||10 January 1919||4 February 1919||25 days||Revolutionary socialism|||
|Bavarian Soviet Republic||12 April 1919||3 May 1919||21 days||Revolutionary socialism|||
|Limerick Soviet||15 April 1919||27 April 1919||12 days||Revolutionary socialism|||
|Patagonia Rebelde||August 1920||February 1922||1 year, 184 days||Anarcho-syndicalism|||
|Tambov Rebellion||19 August 1920||12 June 1921||297 days||Agrarian socialism|||
|Kronstadt Rebellion||7 March 1921||17 March 1921||10 days||Anarcho-syndicalism|||
|Guangzhou City Commune||2 April 1921||13 December 1927||6 years, 255 days||Anarchism|||
|Shinmin Prefecture||August 1929||September 1931||2 years, 46 days||Anarcho-communism|||
|Revolutionary Catalonia||21 July 1936||10 February 1939||2 years, 204 days||Anarcho-syndicalism|||
|Sovereign Council of Asturias and León||6 September 1936||21 October 1937||1 year, 45 days||Libertarian socialism|||
|Regional Defence Council of Aragon||6 October 1936||11 August 1937||309 days||Anarcho-communism|||
|People's Republic of Korea||12 September 1945||8 February 1946||149 days||Direct democracy|||
|Saigon Commune||23 September 1945||13 January 1946||112 days||Anti-imperialism|||
|Shanghai People's Commune||5 January 1967||24 February 1967||50 days||Revolutionary socialism|||
|Argentinian Horizontalidad||13 December 2001||25 May 2003||1 year, 163 days||Autonomism, Participatory economics|||
|Oaxaca City||14 June 2006||27 November 2006||166 days||Direct democracy, Magonism|||
|Symphony Way||February 2008||19 October 2009||1 year, 242 days||Anti-authoritarianism|||
|15M Movement||15 May 2011||11 April 2015||3 years, 331 days||Anti-austerity, Direct democracy|||
|Gezi Park Commune||27 May 2013||20 August 2013||85 days||Anti-authoritarianism|||
|Capitol Hill Autonomous Zone||8 June 2020||1 July 2020||23 days||Occupy protest|||
- Stapleton Colony (1921–present)
- Federation of Egalitarian Communities (1967–present)
- Twin Oaks Community, Virginia (1967)
- East Wind Community (1973–present)
- Acorn Community (1993–present)
- Freetown Christiania (26 September 1971–present)
- Longo Mai (1973–present)
- The Farm (1973–present)
- Awra Amba (1980–present)
- Kommune Niederkaufungen (1986–present)
- ZAD de Notre-Dame-des-Landes (1967–present)
- The 1 in 12 Club (1981–present)
- ABC No Rio (1980–present)
- ACU (1976–present)
- Autonomous Centre of Edinburgh (1997–present)
- Blitz House (1982–present)
- Bluestockings (1999–present)
- The Brick House (1999–present)
- Camas Bookstore and Infoshop (2007–present)
- Can Masdeu (2001–present)
- Can Vies (1997–present)
- Cascina Torchiera (1992–present)
- Centre International de Recherches sur l'Anarchisme (1957–present)
- Ché Café (1980–present)
- Civic Media Center (1992–present)
- Coffee Strong (2008–present)
- Common Ground Collective (2005–present)
- Cowley Club (2003–present)
- CSOA Forte Prenestino (1 May 1986–present)
- C-Squat (1989–present)
- Dial House (1970–present)
- DIY Space For London (2015–present)
- Eskalera Karakola (1996–present)
- Extrapool (1991–present)
- Factory Rog (2006–present)
- Firestorm Cafe & Books (May 2008–present)
- Forest Café (2000–present)
- Freedom Press (1886–present)
- Freedom Shop (1 May 1995–present)
- Grote Broek (1984–present)
- Hausmania (2000–present)
- Hirvitalo (2006–present)
- Jura Books (1977–present)
- Landbowbelang (6 April 2002–present)
- London Action Resource Centre (1999–present)
- Lucy Parsons Center (1992–present)
- Kafé 44 (1976–present)
- Metelkova (September 1993–present)
- Noisebridge (2007–present)
- OCCII (1982–present)
- OT301 (1999–present)
- Poortgebouw (3 October 1980–present)
- Red Emma's Bookstore Coffeehouse (November 2004–present)
- Rote Flora (1989–present)
- Rozbrat (1994–present)
- Slab City, California (c. 1961-present)
- Spartacus Books (1973–present)
- Sumac Centre (1984–present)
- The Old Market Autonomous Zone (1995–present)
- Trumbullplex (1993–present)
- UFFA (1981–present)
- Warzone Collective (1984–present)
- 121 Centre (1981–1999)
- 491 Gallery (2001–2013)
- ADM (1997–2019)
- ASCII (1999–2006)
- Bank of Ideas (November 2011–January 2012)
- Binz (2006–2013)
- BIT (1968–1979)
- Bloomsbury Social Centre (23 November–22 December 2011)
- Boxcar Books (2001–2017)
- Brian MacKenzie Infoshop (1999–2008)
- Capitol Hill Autonomous Zone (2020-2020)
- Catalyst Infoshop (2004–2010)
- Centro 73 (September–December 2010)
- Centro Iberico (April–August 1982)
- Cream City Collectives (October 2006–31 October 2012)
- De Blauwe Aanslag (1980–2003)
- Internationalist Books (1981–September 2016)
- Iron Rail Book Collective (2003–2012)
- Klinika (2014–2019)
- Kukutza (1996–2011)
- Kunsthaus Tacheles (1990–2011)
- Patio Maravillas (2007–2015)
- rampART (May 2004–15 October 2009)
- Really Free School (2011)
- Red and Black Cafe (2000–2015)
- RHINO (1988–2007)
- Salon Mazal
- Seomra Spraoi (2004–2015)
- Spike Surplus Scheme (1999–2009)
- Squat Milada (1997–2009)
- St Agnes Place (1 June 1969–30 November 2005
- Ungdomshuset (1982–2007)
- Villa Amalia (1990–2012)
- Vrijplaats Koppenhinksteeg (1968–2010)
- Wapping Autonomy Centre (1981–1982)
- Lists of ungoverned communities
- Permanent autonomous zone – a community that is autonomous from the generally recognized government or authority structure
- Zomia – the ungoverned highlands of Southeast Asia, held as an analogous anarchist society by professor James C. Scott
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- George Woodcock. Anarchism: a history of libertarian movements. Pg. 357
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- "Uprising in Baja California" (PDF). Anarchist Federation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
- "The Morelos Commune". Global Learning. 3 February 2014. Archived from the original on 16 July 2019.
- Kantowicz, Edward (1999). The Rage of Nations. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 241, 242, 243.
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- Smele, Jonathan D. (2015-11-19). Historical Dictionary of the Russian Civil Wars, 1916-1926. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 1155–1156. ISBN 978-1-4422-5281-3.
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- Hobsbawm, Eric (1973). Revolutionaries: Contemporary Essays. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-76549-3.
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- "Forgotten Revolution: Limerick Soviet, 1919". Archived from the original on 2019-06-26. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- Oved, Yaacov (1997). "The Uniqueness of Anarchism in Argentina". Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe. Tel Aviv: University of Tel Aviv. 8 (1). ISSN 0792-7061. OCLC 25122634.
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- von Geldern, James. "The Antonov Rebellion".
- Leonard F. Guttridge (1 August 2006). Mutiny: A History of Naval Insurrection. Naval Institute Press. p. 174. ISBN 978-1-59114-348-2. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- Dongyoun Hwang, "Korean Anarchism Before 1945: A Regional and Transnational Approach" in Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World, 118.
- "Cartography of Revolutionary Anarchism". Anarchy in Action. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Alexander, Robert (1999). The Anarchists in the Spanish Civil War, Volume 2. Janus Publishing Company Lim. p. 844. ISBN 9781857564129. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- Nippon, CIRA (1975). "The Post-War Korean Anarchist Movement". Libero International. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
- "1945: The Saigon commune". Archived from the original on 2019-06-26. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- Meisner, Maurice (1986). Mao's China and After: A History of the People's Republic since 1949. Free Press.
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- John Zerzan, Future Primitive Revisisted (Port Townsend: Feral House, 2012), 13-14.
- Mbah, Sam (2001). African Anarchism: The History of a Movement.
- Perdue, Theda (2007). The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears. New York: Penguin Books.
- "Indian Towns and Buildings of Eastern North Carolina", Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, National Park Service, 2008, Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- Eggan, Fred, Social Organization of the Western Pueblos (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960)
- Emmanuel C. Onyeozili and Obi N. I. Ebbe, “Social Control in Precolonial Igboland of Nigeria”, African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies (2012)
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- Turnbull, Colin (1968). The Forest People. New York: Simon & Schuster.
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- Graeber, David (2004). Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology. Chicago: Prickly Paradigms Press. pp. 26–27.
- John Menta, The Quinnipiac: Cultural Conflict in Southern New England (New Haven: Yale University, 2003)
- Lee, Richard (2003). The Dobe Ju/hoansi. Thomas Learning/Wadsworth.
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- Greg Urban, “The Social Organizations of the Southeast,” in ed. Raymond J. Demallie and Alfonso Ortiz, North American Indian Anthropology: Essays on Society and Culture(Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994), 175-178.
- Scott, James (2009). The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. New Haven: University of Yale Press.
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- Bamyeh, Mohammed A. (May 2009). Anarchy as order. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-7425-5673-7.
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- "Awra Amba: the anarcho-feminist utopia that actually works". Archived from the original on 2018-10-11. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
- Bailie, William (1906). Josiah Warren, the first American anarchist: a sociological study. Small, Maynard & company. Archived from the original on May 30, 2007. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- An Experiment in Anarchy: Modern Times, the notorious and short-lived utopian village that preceded Brentwood
- Kropotkin, Peter (1893). Small Communal Experiments and Why They Fail.
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- Franks, Benjamin (2006). Rebel Alliances: The Means and Ends of Contemporary British Anarchisms. AK Press/Dark Star. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-904859-40-6.
- Headley, Gwyn; Meulenkamp, Wim (1999). Follies, grottoes & garden buildings. Aurum. p. 250. ISBN 9781854106254.
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