Lettering

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Custom lettering on the spine of a 1960s book

Lettering is an umbrella term that covers the art of drawing letters, instead of simply writing them. Lettering is considered an art form, where each letter in a phrase or quote acts as an illustration. Each letter is created with attention to detail and has a unique role within a composition.[1] Lettering is created as an image, with letters that are meant to be used in a unique configuration. Lettering words do not usually translate into alphabets that can later be used in font since they are created with a specific word in mind. [2]

Examples[edit]

Lettering includes that used for purposes of blueprints and comic books, as well as decorative lettering such as sign painting and custom graphics. For instance; on posters, for a letterhead or business wordmark, lettering in stone, lettering for advertisements, tire lettering, fileteado, graffiti,[3] or on chalkboards.[4]

Lettering may be drawn, applied using stencils,[5][6] or using a digital medium with a stylus, or a vector program. Lettering that was not created using digital tools is commonly referred to as hand-lettering.[1]

Brush lettering practice by artist Emmanuel Sevilla.

In the past, almost all decorative lettering other than that on paper was created as custom or hand-painted lettering. The use of fonts in place of lettering has increased due to new printing methods, phototypesetting, and digital typesetting, which allow fonts to be printed at any desired size.[7][8][9][10] Lettering has been particularly important in Islamic art, due to the Islamic practice of avoiding depictions of sentient beings generally and of Muhammad in particular, and instead using representations in the form of Islamic calligraphy, including hilyes, or artforms based on written descriptions of Muhammed.

More recently, there has been an influx of aspiring artists attempting hand-lettering with brush pens and digital mediums. Some popular styles are sans serif, serif, cursive/script, vintage, gothic/blackletter calligraphy, graffiti, and creative lettering.[11] Several hand-lettering communities have formed, aggregating on sites such as Reddit.[12][13] Some creators sell their lettering projects,[2] and others create Instagram accounts dedicated to the sharing of their lettering. [14][15]

Related artforms[edit]

Lettering can be confused with similar terms, such as calligraphy or typography. Several pages have taken to distinguish the three in comprehensive guides.

Calligraphy is known as a more rigid process, that requires learning the shapes of letters and combining thick downstrokes with thin upstrokes. This style of writing is generally created with dip pens and inks. Some calligraphers and hand-letterers say that calligraphy created with brush pens becomes lettering or faux-calligraphy [16], but others believe that the approach used to create the letters is more important than the tools used to do so.[1] [17]

Typography is referred to as the use of type in a repeating system, where each instance of the same letter looks the same.[1] [17]

Part of the reason why these misconceptions are common is that some font shops categorize their fonts as "hand-lettered", "illustrated" or "calligraphy". Said fonts can begin with a hand-lettered alphabet that is then digitized and turned into a repeatable system. This identifies them as typography, instead of lettering.[1]

Hand Lettering for Beginners defines the three terms as follows: Lettering is the art of drawing letters, calligraphy is the art of writing letters, and typography is the art of using letters.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Hand-lettering, Calligraphy, Typography: What's the Difference?". Hand Lettering for Beginners. Retrieved 29 February 2020.,
  2. ^ a b "FAQ". Jessica Hische. Retrieved 29 February 2020.,
  3. ^ Callingham, James (1871). Sign Writing and Glass Embossing.
  4. ^ Foster, Walter (2014). Creative Lettering and Beyond. Quarto Publishing Group USA.
  5. ^ Pool, Albert-Jan. "FF DIN: Digital Block Letters" (PDF). FontShop. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  6. ^ Mosley, James. "Lettres à jour: public stencil lettering in France". Type Foundry (blog). Retrieved 12 December 2015.
  7. ^ Simonson, Mark. "Not a font". Mark Simonson Studio (blog). Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  8. ^ Coles, Stephen. "Lettering is not type". Type Network.
  9. ^ Johnston, Alastair. "The Misery of Edwin Drood". Booktryst. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  10. ^ Shinn, Nick. "The Golden Age of Hand Lettering in American Advertising". Type Culture. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  11. ^ "What Are The Different Lettering Styles? (2019)". Lettering Daily. 2018-09-24. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
  12. ^ "r/BrushCalligraphy". Reddit. Retrieved 29 February 2020.,
  13. ^ "r/HandLettering". Reddit. Retrieved 29 February 2020.,
  14. ^ "Lettering League". Instagram. Retrieved 29 February 2020.,
  15. ^ "Lettering House". Instagram. Retrieved 29 February 2020.,
  16. ^ "The Difference Between Hand Lettering, Calligraphy and Typography (+ Why It Truly Matters)". Letter Lane Design Studio. Retrieved 29 February 2020.,
  17. ^ a b "What is the Difference Between Hand Lettering and Calligraphy". Lettering Daily. Retrieved 29 February 2020.,

External links[edit]

Many textbooks on lettering or books of example alphabets were published in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Joseph Alessio wrote an in-depth article about the difference between type and lettering.