Crown Colony of Malacca

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Crown Colony of Malacca

Jajahan Mahkota Melaka  (Malay)
马六甲皇家殖民地  (Chinese)
Location of Malacca
Location of Malacca
StatusBritish Crown Colony
State of the Federation of Malaya
CapitalMalacca Town
Common languagesEnglish, Malay, Chinese and Indian languages
GovernmentBritish Crown colony
• 1946–1952
George VI
• 1952–1957
Elizabeth II
• 1956–1957
Maurice John Hayward (acting)
Historical eraPost-war · Cold War
• Dissolution of the Straits Settlements
1 April 1946
• Independence as part of the Federation of Malaya
31 August 1957
CurrencyMalayan dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Straits Settlements
Federation of Malaya
Today part of Malaysia

Malacca was a British Crown colony from 1946 to 1957. It came under British sovereignty after the signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, and had been part of the Straits Settlements until 1946.[1]

During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945. After the post-war dissolution of the Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca become Crown colonies in the Federation of Malaya while Singapore became a standalone Crown colony separate from Malaya.[2] In 1955, Tunku Abdul Rahman held a meeting with the British to discuss the end of British rule in Malacca with a merger with Malayan Union (which was then replaced by Federation of Malaya). On 31 August 1957, when Malaya achieved its independence from the United Kingdom, Malacca was integrated as part of the federation, which later known as Malaysia when it merged with another territories in British Borneo.[3]


  1. ^ A. GUTHRIE (of the Straits Settlements, and OTHERS.) (1861). The British Possessions in the Straits of Malacca. [An Address to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Signed by A. Guthrie and Others, and Dated April 20th, 1861, in Reference to the Transfer of the Administration of the British Possessions in the Straits of Malacca to the Colonial Office.]. pp. 1–.
  2. ^ "The Straits Settlements is Dissolved". National Library Board, Singapore. 1 April 1946. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  3. ^ Cheah Boon Kheng (June 2009). "The Communist Insurgency in Malaysia, 1948–90: Contesting the Nation-State and Social Change" (PDF). National University of Singapore. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies. p. 133/2. Retrieved 18 October 2015.